Function Of An Infant Incubator--the Oxygenation
An infant incubator is a piece of equipment common to pediatric hospitals, birthing centers and neonatal intensive care units. While the unit may serve several specific functions, it is generally used to provide a safe and stable environment for newborn infants, often those who were born prematurely or with an illness or disability that makes them especially vulnerable for the first several months of life.
Oxygenation is a therapeutic process in which oxygen is administered directly to facilitate breathing. According to Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine: Diseases of the Fetus and Infant by Richard J. Martin and "Avroy A. Fanaroff, oxygenation is often administered via the infant incubator environment as a treatment for infant respiratory distress syndrome. This syndrome is the leading cause of death among premature infants. And affects approximately all other infants. Depending 1% of on the model of incubator, one or more pieces of oxygenation equipment may be built into the unit, but most oxygenation equipment is compatible with most incubators. A common method of oxygenation involves a nasal cannula, which pipes oxygen directly into the nostrils. If there is a reason why this method should be avoided, physicians may place a plastic hood over the infant's head that creates a small oxygen environment around the nose and mouth. Another method often chosen for the treatment of premature infants is continuous positive Airway pressure, or CPAP.